Fruit cultivation is a potentially lucrative venture, one farmers should consider whether it be as the main source of income or a side hustle.
If you are wondering which fruits you should be considering then this is the list for you. Whilst the value of these fruits will vary, they will generally demand a higher asking price than most of the other fruit crops.
With that in mind, let’s get into it. Here is our list for the Ten of the Most Profitable Fruits That You Can Grow.
This fruit requires chilly winters for adequate fruit development. However, there are some cultivars that can be grown in warmer, more subtropical areas. Whilst the initial investment is high, the crop can potentially yield fruit for 30 years thereafter.
In South Africa, up to 70% of all blueberries are exported to North America and Europe. This means that farmers can sell their yields for a premium.
Setting up a strawberry farm will require a large capital investment. However, strawberries can be intensively cultivated on a small area of land. This makes them perfect for a side venture. For example, where established farmers have unused land that they wish to make profitable.
Strawberries are perfectly suited to vertical growing systems, which can maximize limited growing space. With their short shelf life, strawberries are less suited to exportation. Luckily, strawberry farms can establish cafes and individual fruit picking. This can generate an additional income aside from the sales of the fruit.
When it comes to citrus farming, off season management during the summer months is just as important as when fruit is hanging. Capital expenditure on pruning, disease and pest management, and fertilization must all be covered by the sale of the fruit. This means that a few months of income must sustain a citrus farm for the entire year.
However, if a farmer can plan correctly, citrus farming can be extremely lucrative. Specifically, lemons could be an ideal investment opportunity due to increased international prices.
One of the main problems avocado farmers face is the lack of trees. Therefore, farmers have to order young avocado trees years in advance if they wish to establish a new orchard. Fortunately, public demand is at an all time high due to the health benefits of the avocado fruit.
Their high-water requirements and susceptibility to disease means they need a delicate balance of irrigation whilst maintaining a well-drained soil. But of you have a large land area in a warm climate with high rainfall, avocados may be the fruit for you.
These fruits require moderately cool climates, and suffer under severe heat and frost. With their viney growth habit, passion fruit can be grown on trellises to exploit even the smallest of areas.
There are 2 popular cultivars, yellow and purple skinned. Generally, yellow skinned cultivars produce higher yields and are less susceptible to disease. During a good year, a high yielding passion fruit farmer can earn up to 10 times more income per hectare compared to other crops like maize and wheat.
One of the most beneficial aspects of pomegranate farming is that the trees can be harvested for their fruit up to three timers per year. This means that the farmers are under less pressure to earn an entire years’ worth of income from one harvest. This also puts less pressure on farm staff and equipment.
Pomegranate farming could be especially profitable for southern hemisphere farmers, as less than 2% of global pomegranate production takes place here. This means these farmers will be perfectly placed to export their crops to off-season northern hemisphere nations. They could therefore receive a premium for their fruits.
Apple cultivation is under threat from increased temperatures associated with climate change. This is because apples, and other pome fruits, require sufficient chilling during winter to grow high quality fruit in the warmer months.
So, if you are thinking of growing apples and your area still gets quite chilly in the winter times, you could be perfectly posed to get in on the market. Another great aspect of apple farming is that the trees can be top worked. This means that if markets start favouring different cultivars, the tops of the trees can be cut and replaced with more suitable varieties without having to replace the entire orchard.
Not unlike apples, cherries require cool winter temperatures in order to be fruitful. The fruit is also especially high maintenance, as they are often a favourite snack for birds and are susceptible to a range of diseases.
Harvesting the fruit is also labour intensive to maintain the integrity of the fruit. However, if you can overcome these obstacles, cherry farming can be very profitable. This is especially so for farmers who can boast suitable microclimates in otherwise hot environments.
This fruit is one of the more unusual on our list. Whilst the dragon fruit is still more of a novelty fruit in many countries, the easy cultivation and high yields could make it a suitable option for farmers. Sweeter, more tastier cultivars could also increase the fruit's popularity among consumers.
Established avocado, macadamia and banana farmers should consider planting dragon fruit. This is because they have similar climatic requirements. Also, vines become fruitful in the second year of production, something which is almost unheard of in fruit cultivation.
There a wide variety of nuts at a farmer’s disposal. Capital requirements are high not only during establishment but when the trees become fruitful, too. However, this investment could be worthwhile come harvest time.
This is none more true than for South African macadamia nut farmers, who can potentially earn almost R375 000 per hectare during a good production year. With international demand for macadamia nuts increasing, South African farmers could look at expanding production if they wish to maintain their ranking of the number one macadamia nut producer in the world.
Check out this post on the best berries you should be growing!
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