You have decided which plants your nursery is going to produce. Now it is time to determine how you are going to achieve this. Plant propagation techniques range from simple to complex methods, each with their own advantages and drawbacks.
This post discusses the various methods at your disposal. Depending on the plants you will produce, you may wish to employ one or all of these methods. This is where Agriculture Academy proves its worth, by supplying you with all of the information and resources for you to make your business a success.
Seeds are mature ovules that produce a seedling. The seedling undergoes various changes along its life-cycle to reach a desired maturity.
Propagation by seed is an effective way to mass produce plants, especially if you have a smaller propagation area.
By purchasing certified seed, you are increasing your chances of producing healthy, vigorous seedlings. However, you will need to ensure you provide the seeds with the correct environmental conditions. Be aware that your plants will need a bigger area as they grow, and the period from germination to maturity may be lengthy.
Suitable plants to propagate by seed: grasses and groundcovers, annuals, herbs, vegetables
This is a form of vegetative multiplication. All of the plants you produce in this manner will be identical to the mother plants the cuttings were taken from. Simply put, a stem is cut and placed into the growing medium to form its own roots.
Cuttings are an effective and easy way of propagating cloned plants.
The production cycle is quicker compared to seedling propagation. You can also select the exact characteristics you wish to preserve in your plants. Whilst the process is generally easy, some techniques will have to be learned. Furthermore, the need for some specialist equipment may require a capital investment.
Suitable plants to propagate using cuttings: perennials, fruit trees, succulents
A form of micro-propagation, tissue culture allows for the mass production of plants from a small piece of parent tissue. The process is complicated and requires expertise, training and suitable facilities.
Unless you wish to produce highly specialized plants, most producers will not employ this method to propagate their plants.
Whilst the process allows for mass-production, it is expensive and labour-intensive. However, tissue culture may be suitable if you can sell your plants for high prices, or if virus-free stock is otherwise unavailable.
Suitable plants to propagate using tissue culture: orchids, ferns, perennials, fruit trees
Curious about the practical implementation of these techniques? Watch our instructional videos on these methods here.